- Cloak or mantle.
- Muslim call to prayer.
- “After Hijirah. “Date of Muḥammad’s migration from Mecca to
Medina, and basis of Muḥammadan chronology.
- “Lord,” “prince,” “commander,” “governor.”
- “Master.” Title given by Bahá’u’lláh to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.
- “The greatest.”
- “Gate.” Title assumed by Mírzá ‘Alí-Muḥammad after the
declaration of His Mission in Shíráz in May, 1844, A.D.
- “Glory,” “splendour,” “light.” Title by which Bahá’u’lláh
(Mírzá Ḥusayn-‘Alí) is designated.
- “Remnant of God.” Title applied both to the Báb and to
- “Utterance,” “explanation.” Title given by the Báb to His
Revelation, particularly to His Books.
- Honorary title; lower title than Khán
- An inn for caravans.
- “High constable.”
- “State,” “government.”
- “Order,” “command,” “royal decree.”
- “Footman,” “lictor,” “attendant.”
- The head farrásh.
- Unit of measurement. Its length differs in different parts
of the country according to the nature of the ground, the local
interpretation of the term being the distance which a laden mule will
walk in the hour, which varies from three to four miles. Arabicised
from the old Persian “parsang,” and supposed to be derived from pieces
of stone (sang) placed on the roadside.
- A Muḥammadan who has performed the pilgrimage to Mecca.
- A litter carried by a camel, mule, horse, or elephant for
- Title of the twelve shí’ah successors of Muḥammad. Also applied
to Muslim religious leaders.
- The leading imám in a town or city; chief of the mullás.
- Descendant of an imám, or his shrine.
- An upper coat.
- Ancient shrine at Mecca. Now recognised as the most holy
shrine of Islám.
- Chief of a ward or parish in a town; headman of a village.
- “One who discourses.”
- A Muḥammadan who has performed the pilgrimage to Karbilá.
- “Prince,” “lord,” “nobleman,” “chieftain.”
- The Persian lambskin hat worn by government employees
- Religious college.
- “He whom God will make manifest.” Title given by the
Báb to the promised One.
- A Muḥammadan who has performed the pilgrimage to Mashhad.
- Mosque, temple, place of worship.
- A subdivision of a farsakh. A square or open place.
- Title of the Manifestation expected by Islám.
- The principal place in a mosque, where the imám prays with
his face turned towards Mecca.
- “Ascent”; used with reference to Muḥammad’s ascension to
- A contraction of Amír-Zádih, meaning son of Amír. When affixed
to a name, it signifies prince; when prefixed, simply Mr.
- The one who sounds the Adhan, the Muḥammadan call to
- Muḥammadan doctor of law. Most of the mujtahids of Persia
have received their diplomas from the most eminent jurists of
Karbilá and Najaf.
- Muḥammadan priest.
- “He who is invoked”; the numerical value of which has been
assigned by the Báb as the limit of the time fixed for the advent
of the promised Manifestation.
- “Learned,” “noble.”
- “New Day.” Name applied to the Bahá’í New Year’s Day;
according to the Persian calendar, the day on which the sun
- “Athlete,” “champion.” Term applied to brave and muscular
- Judge: civil, criminal, and ecclesiastical
- “He who shall arise.” Title designating the promised One of
- A pipe for smoking through water.
- The direction to which people turn in prayer; especially Mecca,
the Qiblih of all Muḥammadans.
- “Lord of the Age.” One of the titles of the promised Qá’im.
- “Martyr.” The plural of martyr is “Shuhada.”
- Head of religious court, appointed to every large city by
- Descendant of the Prophet Muḥammad.
- Name of the chapters of the Qur’án.
- A sum of money equivalent to a dollar.
- “Heir to the throne.”